Title IX: Sexual Misconduct Policy
RESPECT OURSELVES. RESPECT EACH OTHER.
Lourdes University is committed to fostering a welcoming and inclusive educational environment for all members of the University community. Consistent with this mission, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 U.S.C. § 1681) and the Department of Education’s implementing regulations prohibit discrimination on the basis of sex/gender in the University’s programs and activities. It is important to understand that such discrimination includes sexual harassment, sexual assault, sexual violence, and other forms of sexual misconduct defined as Prohibited Conduct by this Policy.
Though Lourdes is fortunate to enjoy a very safe campus, we are determined to promptly respond to individuals who experience Prohibited Conduct by offering supportive measures; follow a fair grievance procedure to resolve Prohibited Conduct allegations when a complainant requests an investigation or a Title IX Coordinator decides on the University’s behalf that an investigation is necessary; and provide remedies to those who experience Prohibited Conduct.
In light of these commitments, the University has adopted this comprehensive Title IX: Sexual Misconduct Policy to address incidents of Prohibited Conduct in the University’s programs and activities; reporting, investigation, and complaint resolution procedures; available resources and supportive measures; and possible sanctions for violations of this Policy.
Lourdes University (“Lourdes” or the “University”) does not discriminate on the basis of sex in the education programs or activities that it operates, nor in admission to, or employment with, the University. This Policy prohibits all forms of sex/gender-based harassment, sexual violence, sexual exploitation, relationship violence, and stalking, collectively referred to as “Prohibited Conduct,” which is defined below.
This Policy addresses Prohibited Conduct in the University’s programs and activities both on and off campus. Off campus conduct is subject to this Policy when it occurs in the course of a University program or activity or when the misconduct continues to have an adverse effect on any University program or activity.
The University will respond promptly in a manner that is not deliberately indifferent when the University has actual knowledge of Prohibited Conduct in an educational program or activity of the University against a person in the United States.
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 and its implementing regulations prohibit the University from discrimination on the basis of sex in the education programs or activities that it operates. As noted above, this prohibition extends to admission and employment. This Policy provides for the prompt and equitable resolution of complaints alleging any action prohibited by Title IX, and explains the process that the University will use for doing so.
The Title IX Coordinator has been designated and authorized to coordinate the University’s efforts to address concerns relating to discrimination and harassment on the basis of sex, gender, gender expression, gender identity, and sexual orientation. Any person may report sex discrimination, including sexual harassment (whether or not the person reporting is the person who experienced the conduct that could constitute sex discrimination or sexual harassment), at any time including non-business hours by contacting the Title IX Coordinator as follows:
Interim Title IX Coordinator
Inquiries about Title IX may also be directed to the U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights by contacting 1-800-421-3481 or emailing firstname.lastname@example.org.
Any duties or discretion assigned to the Title IX Coordinator by this Policy may be assigned to a designee.
To better understand the conduct that this Policy addresses, certain terms are defined below:
Coercion: Unreasonable pressure for sexual activity, in a manner that overrides the voluntary nature of the participation. Examples include threatening to disclose personal sexual information or threatening to harm oneself if the other party does not engage in sexual activity.
Consent: An affirmative decision to engage in mutually acceptable sexual activity given by clear, knowing, and voluntary actions or words. Consent is active, not passive. Silence, alone, cannot be interpreted as consent. Consent can be given by words or actions, as long as those words or actions create mutually understandable clear permission regarding willingness to engage in (and the conditions of) sexual activity. Consent cannot be communicated in an individual’s manner of dress. Consent can be withdrawn or modified at any time. Consent to any one form of sexual activity cannot automatically imply consent to any other forms of sexual activity. Prior consent cannot imply future consent to future sexual acts. Acts of a sexual nature initiated by an individual who a reasonable person knows or should have known to be incapacitated is not Consent. In order to give effective Consent, one must be of legal age (in Ohio & Michigan: 16).
Force: Physical violence and/or physical imposition to gain sexual access. Force also includes threats, intimidation (implied threats) and coercion that overcome resistance or produce (ineffective) Consent.
Incapacitation: State in which an individual is unable to consent to sexual contact. States of incapacitation include, but are not limited to: sleep, unconsciousness, intermittent consciousness, or any other state when a person is incapable of making an intentional decision to participate in a sexual act or unaware that sexual contact is occurring; a disability may also limit one’s ability to Consent to sexual contact. Incapacitation is determined on a case-by-case basis and includes an analysis of whether the accused party knew, or should have known, that the alleged victim was incapacitated, or if the accused party played a role in creating the Incapacitation. Though consumption of alcohol or drugs commonly cause Incapacitation, their consumption alone is not sufficient to demonstrate Incapacitation.
Sexual Intercourse: Anal or vaginal penetration by a penis, tongue, finger, or inanimate object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person.
Respondent: An individual who is reported to have committed Prohibited Conduct under this Policy
Complainant: An individual who is reported to have experienced Prohibited Conduct under this Policy.
Formal Complaint: A document filed by a complainant or signed by the Title IX Coordinator alleging Prohibited Conduct against a respondent and requesting that the recipient investigate the allegation of Prohibited Conduct.
Education program or activity: Locations, events, or circumstances over which the recipient exercised substantial control over both the respondent and the context in which the sexual harassment occurs, and also includes any building owned or controlled by a student organization that is officially recognized by a postsecondary institution.
Actual Knowledge: Actual Knowledge is notice of sexual harassment or allegations of sexual harassment to University’s Title IX Coordinator, or any University official who has authority to institute corrective measures on behalf of the University.
Notice: Notice is defined as a report of sex discrimination sexual harassment to the Title IX Coordinator as described conduct that could constitute sex discrimination or sexual harassment.
Standard of Evidence: The University uses the preponderance of evidence standard of proof in Prohibited Conduct cases, defined as, “more likely than not.” The University will apply the same standard of evidence for formal complaints against students as for formal complaints against employees, including faculty, and apply the same standard of evidence to all formal complaints of sexual harassment.
Physical abuse: Hitting, slapping, shoving, grabbing, pinching, biting, hair pulling, etc. are types of physical abuse. This type of abuse also includes denying a partner medical care or forcing alcohol and/or drug use upon them.
Sexual abuse: Coercing or attempting to coerce any sexual contact or behavior without consent. Sexual abuse includes, but is certainly not limited to, marital rape, attacks on sexual parts of the body, forcing sex after physical violence has occurred, or treating one in a sexually demeaning manner.
Emotional abuse: Undermining an individual’s sense of self-worth and/or self-esteem is abusive. This may include, but is not limited to constant criticism, diminishing one’s abilities, name-calling, or damaging one’s relationship with children.
Economic abuse: Is defined as making or attempting to make an individual financially dependent by maintaining total control over financial resources, withholding one’s access to money, or forbidding one’s attendance at school or employment.
Psychological abuse: Elements of psychological abuse include – but are not limited to – causing fear by intimidation; threatening physical harm to self, partner, children, or partner’s family or friends; destruction of pets and property; and forcing isolation from family, friends, or school and/or work
As stated above, the conduct prohibited by this Policy is referred to as “Prohibited Conduct.” In cases involving conduct that meets the definition and threshold requirements of Title IX sexual harassment, federal law provides that certain procedures must be adhered to. However, where conduct does not meet the definition of Title IX sexual harassment or does not meet certain threshold requirements, that conduct may still be prohibited by the University.
Certain Prohibited Conduct may fall within or outside of the scope of Title IX pursuant to federal regulations. Such conduct is labeled as “Title IX” or “Non-Title IX” for clarity. Unless explicitly stated otherwise, conduct prohibited under this Policy can be committed by people of any gender, between individuals of the same or different genders; between strangers or acquaintances; and between people involved in intimate and/or sexual relationships with one another.
Alcohol consumption and/or drug use does not constitute a mitigating factor when it contributes to violations of this Policy. However, as noted below, the University typically will offer leniency for complainants, witnesses, and others with respect to the personal use of alcohol, drugs and/or other violations of University policy, which may be revealed as a result of such reports.
Sexual Harassment – Title IX
There are six types of Prohibited Conduct that qualify as “sexual harassment” under Title IX, each of which is defined more specifically below: (1) quid pro quo, (2) unwelcome conduct, (3) sexual assault, (4) dating violence, (5) domestic violence, and (6) stalking. The definitions used here are required by federal regulations.
For reported behavior to qualify as Sexual Harassment – Title IX under this section, in addition to meeting the elements of at least one of the six types listed below, it must meet all of the following threshold requirements, as determined by the Title IX Coordinator and as mandated by federal regulations:
The conduct must have occurred against a person in the United States.
The conduct must have occurred within the University’s education program or activity.
For purposes of this provision, this means that the conduct must have occurred either:
- in a location, event, or circumstances over which the College exercised substantial control over both the respondent and the context in which the sexual harassment occurs or,
- in relation to a building owned or controlled by a student organization that is officially recognized by the College.
The complainant must be participating in or attempting to participate in the education program or activity of the College at the time the formal complaint is filed.
Behavior that does not meet the above requirements is subject to dismissal under this Policy but may be subject to other University policies and disciplinary procedures.
Sexual Harassment – Title IX is any of the following:
- Quid Pro Quo: Conduct on the basis of sex where a University employee conditions the provision of an aid, benefit, or service of the University on an individual’s participation in unwelcome sexual conduct;
- Unwelcome Conduct: Unwelcome conduct on the basis of sex determined by a reasonable person to be so severe, pervasive, and objectively offensive that it effectively denies a person equal access to the recipient’s education program or activity; or
- Sexual Assault: engaging or attempting to engage in one of the following activities with another individual without consent or where the person cannot consent because of age or temporary or permanent mental incapacity:
- Sexual intercourse, however slight;
- Intentional touching of the intimate body parts of another (breasts, buttocks, groin, and genitals) for the purpose of sexual gratification;
- Sexual intercourse between individuals who are not permitted to marry under state law. In Ohio, this means that individuals closer in kin than second cousins may not have sexual intercourse;
- Sexual intercourse with a person who is under the statutory age of consent. In Ohio, state law prohibits sex with any individual under the age of 13; additionally, individuals over the age of 18 may not have sex with individuals under the age of 16.
4. Dating violence: A pattern of abusive behavior in any relationship that is used by one partner to gain or maintain power and control over another intimate partner. Interpersonal violence can be physical, sexual, emotional, economic, or psychological actions or threats of actions that influence another person. This pattern may include, but is not limited to any behaviors that intimidate, manipulate, humiliate, isolate, frighten, terrorize, coerce, threaten, blame, hurt, injure, or wound someone. Violence committed by a person on the basis of sex:
- Who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim; and
- Where the existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on a consideration of the following factors:
- The length of the relationship;
- The type of relationship;
- The frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship.
- Domestic violence: A pattern of abusive behavior in any relationship that is used by one partner to gain or maintain power and control over another intimate partner. Interpersonal violence can be physical, sexual, emotional, economic, or psychological actions or threats of actions that influence another person. This pattern may include, but is not limited to any behaviors that intimidate, manipulate, humiliate, isolate, frighten, terrorize, coerce, threaten, blame, hurt, injure, or wound someone. Defined to include felony or misdemeanor crimes of violence committed on the basis of sex:
- by a current or former spouse or intimate partner of the victim,
- by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common,
- by a person who is cohabitating with or has cohabitated with the victim as a spouse or intimate partner,
- by a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction, or
- by any other person against an adult or youth victim who is protected from that person’s acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction.
- Stalking means engaging in a course of conduct on the basis of sex directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to:
- Fear for their safety or the safety of others; or
- Suffer substantial emotional distress.
Sexual Exploitation: Actual or attempted abuse or violation of another’s privacy or taking nonconsensual or abusive sexual advantage of another for the sexual gratification, financial gain, or other benefit of anyone other than the one being exploited. Sexual exploitation can look like:
- Recording images or audio (without that person’s consent) of sexual activity, intimate body parts, or nakedness.
- Distributing images or audio with the content above if the person distributing them does not have that person’s explicit consent, including streaming.
- “Revenge pornography” in which a person threatens to post, or actually does post, images, audio, or video of their partner participating in sexual activity.
- Viewing another person’s sexual activity, intimate body parts, or nakedness without their consent in a place where that person would have a reasonable expectation of privacy.
- Exposing someone’s genitals without their consent.
- Prostitution another individual.
- Knowingly exposing another individual to a sexually transmitted disease or virus without that individual’s knowledge.
- Inducing incapacitation for the purpose of making another person vulnerable to non-consensual sexual activity.
Sex/Gender Discrimination: Discrimination that occurs when conduct or a policy has the purpose or effect of restricting or denying access to opportunities, programs, or resources in relation to sex, gender, [gender identity, gender expression, or sexual orientation] in a manner that interferes with an individual’s ability to participate in a University education program or activity. Such discrimination does not include behavior explicitly permitted by federal regulations, including single-gender housing, athletic participation, chorus participation, and hiring when sex/gender is a bona fide occupational qualification reasonably necessary to the normal operation of the University.
Sexual Assault – Non-Title IX: Conduct that meets the definition of Sexual Assault under “Sexual Harassment – Title IX,” above, but does not meet all of the threshold requirements to be charged under Title IX as listed under that definition, will be charged as “Sexual Assault – Non-Title IX.
Domestic Violence – Non-Title IX: Conduct that meets the definition of Domestic Violence under “Sexual Harassment – Title IX,” above, but does not meet all of the threshold requirements to be charged under Title IX as listed under that definition, will be charged as “Domestic Violence – Non-Title IX.” Conduct that otherwise meets the definition of Domestic Violence under “Sexual Harassment – Title IX,” above, but is not “conduct on the basis of sex” will also be charged as “Domestic Violence – Non-Title IX.”
Stalking – Non-Title IX: Conduct that meets the definition of Stalking under “Stalking – Title IX,” above, but does not meet all of the threshold requirements to be charged under Title IX as listed under that definition, will be charged as “Stalking – Non-Title IX.”
Sexual Harassment – Non-Title IX: Unwelcome verbal, nonverbal, or physical conduct based on sex/gender which is sufficiently severe, persistent, or pervasive to have the effect of creating a hostile environment by unreasonably interfering with, denying, or limiting an individual’s work, education, or living conditions OR use of a position of authority to engage in unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, or other verbal, nonverbal, or physical conduct of a sexual nature when (i)an individual’s employment or education is conditioned (either explicitly or implicitly) upon submission to such conduct; or (ii)decisions affecting one’s education or employment are based upon submission to or rejection of such conduct.
Retaliation: Retaliation means to intimidate, threaten, coerce, or discriminate against any individual for the purpose of interfering with any right or privilege secured by Title IX or its regulations, or because the individual has made a report or complaint, testified, assisted, or participated or refused to participate in any manner in an investigation, proceeding, or hearing under this Policy or Title IX regulations.
Intimidation, threats, coercion, or discrimination, including charges against an individual for code of conduct violations that do not involve sex discrimination or sexual harassment, but arise out of the same facts or circumstances as a report or complaint of sex discrimination, or a report or formal complaint of sexual harassment, for the purpose of interfering with any right or privilege secured by Title IX or its regulations, constitutes retaliation.
The exercise of rights protected under the First Amendment does not constitute retaliation.
Charging an individual with a code of conduct violation for making a materially false statement in bad faith in the course of a formal resolution under this Policy does not constitute retaliation. A determination regarding responsibility, alone, is not sufficient to conclude that any party made a materially false statement in bad faith.
Although all persons are encouraged to report incidents to the University and local law enforcement, an individual who is not prepared to do so, or who may be unsure how to label an incident, may wish to contact a confidential resource for information and support and with whom conversations are privileged.
The Sophia Center, an on-campus counseling center, is a confidential resource that provides pressure-free support and information to complainants of sexual assault (and others) and can be contacted at 419-882-4529.
Individuals who would like to speak with a local, off-campus confidential resource for complainants of sexual assault can contact the HOPE Center Rape Crisis 24-hour information/advocacy hotline at 419-241-7273 or toll free at 866-557-7273.
National Sexual Assault Hotline, 1-800-656-HOPE, www.rainn.org
National Domestic Violence Hotline, 1-800-799-SAFE, www.ndvh.org
National Teen Dating Abuse Helpline, 1-866-331-9474, www.loveisrespect.org
Ohio Sexual Violence Helpline, 1-844-OHIOHELP, www.oaesv.org
Buckeye Region Anti-Violence Organization, 1-866-862-7286, www.bravo-ohio.org – Focuses on assisting the LGBTQI community
ASHA-Ray of Hope 24-Hour Helpline, 614-565-2918, asharayofhope.org – Focuses on assisting individuals from South Asia
Ohio Hispanic Coalition Domestic Violence 24 Hour Hotline, 614-746-3534 (Spanish and English), ohiohispaniccoalition.org/programs/safety/
Legal Aid of Western Ohio, 1-888-534-1432, www.ohiolegalhelp.org
Crisis Text Line, Text HOME to 741741, www.crisistextline.org
Exceptions regarding confidentiality may occur when an individual presents an immediate risk of harm to self or others or when the complainant is a minor.
Reports and Formal Complaints
Any person may report Prohibited Conduct (whether or not the person reporting is the person alleged to be the victim of conduct that could constitute sex discrimination or sexual harassment), in person, by mail, by telephone, online, or by electronic mail, using the contact information listed for the Title IX Coordinator, or by any other means that results in the Title IX Coordinator receiving the person’s verbal or written report. Reports of Prohibited Conduct are referred to as Sexual Misconduct Incident Reports (SMIRs).
Because it is often difficult to determine the facts of an incident long after the incident has occurred, prompt reporting of incidents is strongly encouraged. While all SMIRs are reviewed, typically only those with names of involved individuals and sufficient details can be adequately pursued.
Upon receipt and review of a report with adequate information and detail, the Title IX Coordinator and/or their designee(s), shall contact the complainant to discuss the incident, review procedures under this Policy, and share with them available confidential resources, additional reporting options, services, and supportive measures. The complainant will also be informed that they may be accompanied by an advisor of their choice at any meeting held in connection with the case under this Policy.
Once adequate information is obtained, the Title IX Coordinator and/or their designee(s) shall contact the respondent (the accused party) to inform them of the report against them review procedures under this Policy, and share with them available resources, services, supportive measures, and the University’s position regarding Retaliation. The respondent will also be informed that they may be accompanied by an advisor of their choice at any meeting held in connection with the case under this Policy. If the respondent is an employee, the Director of Human Resources and the appropriate University official and/or supervisor shall also be notified.
Filing a report does not require the filing of a Formal Complaint and undergoing an informal or formal resolution. However, filing a report does assist the Title IX Coordinator in determining whether an individual may be eligible for supportive measures as described more fully below.
A Formal Complaint can be filed by a complainant or signed by the Title IX Coordinator alleging sexual harassment against a respondent and requesting that the recipient investigate the allegation of sexual harassment. At the time of filing a formal complaint, a complainant must be participating in or attempting to participate in the education program or activity of the recipient with which the formal complaint is filed. A Formal Complaint may be filed with the Title IX Coordinator in person, by mail, online, or by electronic mail, by using the contact information required to be listed for the Title IX Coordinator under § 106.8(a), and by any additional method designated by the recipient. As used in this paragraph, the phrase ‘‘document filed by a complainant’’ means a document or electronic submission (such as by electronic mail or through an online portal provided for this purpose by the recipient) that contains the complainant’s physical or digital signature, or otherwise indicates that the complainant is the person filing the formal complaint. Where the Title IX Coordinator signs a Formal Complaint, the Title IX Coordinator is not a Complainant or a party during a Formal Resolution, and must comply with requirements for any person involved in the response and/or resolution to be free from conflicts and bias.
The University may consolidate Formal Complaints as to allegations of sexual harassment against more than one respondent, or by more than one complainant against one or more respondents, or by one party against the other party, where the allegations of sexual harassment arise out of the same facts or circumstances. The same facts and circumstances means that the multiple complainants’ allegations are so intertwined that their allegations directly relate to all parties
As part of the initial assessment, the Title IX Coordinator will determine what Prohibited Conduct is properly alleged, whether informal resolution would be appropriate in the case given the allegations, and whether any of the allegations constitute “Sexual Harassment – Title IX” under this Policy.
Notice to Parties
If the University’s Title IX Coordinator determines that a Formal Complaint alleges sufficient information to suggest that Prohibited Conduct may have occurred, the Title IX Coordinator is required to provide written notice to all parties of the charges that will be investigated. Such charges may include violations of other University policies where such charges are related to the Prohibited Conduct under investigation. Importantly, related policy violations will be addressed pursuant to this Policy and not any other disciplinary process, such as the student conduct process.
The written notice of formal resolution must include:
- Notice of this Policy;
- Allegations of Prohibited Conduct and any other violations of University policy that will be considered in the same case, including sufficient details known at the time and with sufficient time to prepare a response before any initial interview;
- The University’s position that the respondent is presumed not responsible for the alleged conduct and that a determination regarding responsibility is made at the conclusion of the grievance process;
- The right of each party to have an advisor of their choice, who may be an attorney;
- The right of each party to inspect and review evidence;
- The University’s prohibition on knowingly making false statements or knowingly submitting false information during the grievance process;
- The date, time, location, participants, and purpose of all hearings, investigative interviews, or other meetings currently scheduled, with sufficient time for the party to prepare to participate.
- If additional allegations are determined to be appropriate to add to the investigation at a later time, the Title IX Coordinator shall provide notice of such allegations in writing to all parties.
- Although the regulations do not require that the following be included in the written notice to the parties, we recommend as a practice that the following be added to such notice:
- The right to suggest witnesses and provide statements and evidence;
- A reminder of the prohibition against retaliation;
- A reminder that each party is eligible to request supportive measures through the Title IX Coordinator;
- The identity of the investigators and a short timeline to object due to any concerns about bias or conflict;
- Whether informal resolution is an option in this case and, if so, how to indicate an interest in informal resolution.
To facilitate the University’s ability to respond promptly to allegations of sexual harassment, all employees of the University, except for those identified as confidential resources in this Policy, are required to report allegations of Prohibited Conduct to the Title IX Coordinator as soon as practicable after learning of the allegations. Upon receiving a mandatory report, the Title IX Coordinator will reach out to the potential complainant to ask if they would like to meet to discuss supportive measures and other options. Failure to make a mandatory report may result in discipline, up to and including termination of employment.
The University is deemed to have Actual knowledge of allegations of sexual harassment when Notice of such allegations is provided to the Title IX Coordinator or any University official who has authority to institute corrective measures on behalf of the University. These officials are the Vice President of Student Affairs, the Provost, the Athletic Director, the Director of Student Conduct, and the Director of Human Resources.
Pursuant to Ohio law, Lourdes University requires all members of the University community to report any suspected child abuse/neglect involving a minor (under the age of 18). The identity of the abuser does not need to be known in order to file a report, and it is not the responsibility of the University community member filing the report to investigate the suspected abuse.
Community members may report the suspected child abuse/neglect to the Title IX Coordinator or the Director of Campus Public Safety, who will report the suspected child abuse/neglect to law enforcement and/or child protective services.
In addition to reporting the suspected abuse/neglect to the Title IX Coordinator or the Director of Campus Public Safety, one may directly report the suspected abuse/neglect:
- If a child is in immediate danger, call 911;
- If there is no immediate danger, contact the Ohio Department of Job and Family Services Child Abuse and Neglect hotline at (855) 642-4453.
Supportive measures are designed to restore or preserve equal access to the recipient’s education program or activity without unreasonably burdening the other party, including measures designed to protect the safety of all parties or the recipient’s educational environment, or deter sexual harassment.
“Supportive measures” may include, but are not limited to:
- Providing access to counseling services and assistance in setting up an initial appointment;
- Issuing and enforcing No Contact Directives, which are usually mutual unless and until a finding of responsibility for a policy violation has been made;
- Providing alternative on-campus housing;
- Assisting with relocation of housing or work space;
- Providing an escort to ensure safe movement between classes and activities;
- Making changes to behavior, movement on campus, access to buildings or spaces, and/or participation campus activities;
- Modifying academic and extracurricular activities, transportation, and dining arrangements;
- Extending deadlines and assisting with other course-related adjustments;
- Modifying work or class schedules;
- Assisting with obtaining a leave of absence;
- Providing alternative course completion options;
- Providing academic support services;
- Assisting in obtaining visa or immigration information;
- Modifying transportation, parking, dining and working situations;
- Implementing access restriction or interim suspension of an individual while a matter is investigated and resolved;
- Imposing other protections or behavioral restrictions as necessary and appropriate.
The University offers supportive measures to both complainants and respondents. Upon receipt of a report of an identifiable complainant, the Title IX Coordinator will promptly contact the complainant to discuss the availability of supportive measures, consider the complainant’s wishes with respect to supportive measures, inform the complainant of the availability of supportive measures with or without the filing of a formal complaint, and explain to the complainant the process for filing a formal complaint if one is desired.
Upon giving notice to a respondent of a report raising potential sexual harassment violations against the respondent, the Title IX Coordinator will notify the respondent of the availability of counseling and may notify the respondent of the availability of other supportive measures, as the Title IX Coordinator deems appropriate.
Throughout any grievance process, the Title IX Coordinator will continually reassess and discuss appropriate supportive measures with the parties as the Coordinator deems appropriate. If the Title IX Coordinator does not offer supportive measures to the complainant, the Title IX Coordinator must document the reasons why such a response was not clearly unreasonable in light of the known circumstances.
The University will maintain as confidential any supportive measures provided to the complainant or respondent, to the extent that maintaining such confidentiality would not impair the ability of University to provide the supportive measures. The Title IX Coordinator is responsible for coordinating the effective implementation of supportive measures.
Upon receipt of a formal complaint, the Title IX Coordinator shall conduct an individualized safety and risk assessment to determine whether the respondent’s presence in the University’s education programs and activities poses an immediate threat to the physical health or safety of any student or other individual arising from the allegations of sexual harassment. If so, the Title IX Coordinator will determine whether such risk assessment justifies the removal of the respondent from campus on an emergency basis pending the outcome of the investigation. Threats must pose more than a generalized, hypothetical, or speculative risk to health and safety for emergency removal to be appropriate.
A removed respondent will receive written notice from the Title IX Coordinator of the emergency removal and will be provided with an opportunity to appeal the decision within writing to the Dean of Students within two business days of the removal. The Dean’s decision must be rendered within two business days of receiving the appeal.
Non-student employees may be placed on administrative leave during the grievance process without receiving any appeal of such administrative leave.
To encourage reporting of conduct prohibited by this Policy, the University typically will offer leniency for complainants, witnesses, and others with respect to the personal use of alcohol, drugs and/or other violations of University policy, which may be revealed as a result of such reports.
The complainant and the respondent each may be accompanied by an advisor of their choice at any meeting held in connection with a case under this Policy. The advisor shall not be permitted to speak aloud during the meeting(s) or otherwise communicate with anyone present at the meeting(s), except as required to do so in the course of a hearing. An advisor who is found by the Title IX Coordinator or their designee to be improperly interfering with a meeting will be required to leave the meeting and may not be permitted to attend future meetings under this Policy.
If a party’s advisor refuses to comply with restrictions set by the University, the University may require the party to use a different advisor.
All investigations shall be conducted by the designee(s) (“Investigator”) of the Title IX Coordinator, who shall be screened for any conflicts of interest regarding the specific case(s). Once it has been determined that no conflict of interest or bias exists for the assigned Investigator(s), the investigation shall commence, and written Notice of the Investigation will be sent to the complainant and the respondent with sufficient detail regarding the allegations to allow both parties the opportunity to present witnesses and evidence to the Investigator.
Should the incident involve additional violations of University Policy that are not violations of this Policy, those alleged violations shall be investigated together with the Prohibited Conduct allegations under this Policy. Likewise, the Title IX Coordinator has the discretion to consolidate multiple reports into a single investigation if evidence relevant to one incident might be relevant to the others.
The University will apply an objective (whether a reasonable person would believe bias exists), common sense approach to evaluating whether a particular person serving in a Title IX role is biased, and will exercise caution not to apply generalizations that might unreasonably conclude that bias exists. An individual’s current job title, professional qualifications, past experience, identity, or sex will not alone indicate bias.
Use of trauma-informed practices will not be considered evidence of bias when such practices do not:
- Rely on sex stereotypes;
- Apply generalizations to allegations in specific cases;
- Cause loss of impartiality, and;
- Prejudge of the facts at issue.
Further, the following will not be considered evidence of bias:
- The Title IX Coordinator’s initiation of a formal complaint, or;
- An individual’s decision that allegations warrant an investigation.
Grounds for Dismissal of Formal Complaint
If, after the initial review of the Formal Complaint by the Title IX Coordinator, it is determined that any of the following conditions exist, the University will dismiss the Formal Complaint from the hearing procedures outlined in this Policy:
- The alleged conduct, if it occurred as alleged, would not constitute Title IX Sexual Harassment;
- The alleged conduct, if it occurred as alleged, did not occur in the University’s educational programs or activities, or;
- The alleged conduct, if it occurred as alleged, did not occur against a person in the United States.
Although prior determinations on each of these issues were likely made earlier in the process, additional information may be uncovered during an investigation that requires them to be reconsidered. The Title IX Coordinator is responsible for reconsidering these issues at any point during the processes outlined in the Policy, which may result in the report of misconduct being handled through the Investigator Resolution process in this Policy instead of the hearing process, referred to Human Resources or Student Conduct, and/or otherwise being dismissed from the Grievance Procedures outlined in this Policy.
- The University may also dismiss a formal complaint or allegations therein if:
- A complainant notifies the Title IX Coordinator in writing that the complainant would like to withdraw the formal complaint or any allegations therein;
- The respondent is no longer enrolled or employed by the University, or;
- Specific circumstances prevent the University from gathering evidence sufficient to reach a determination as to the formal complaint or allegations therein.
Such a dismissal does not preclude the University from proceeding under another University conduct process.
The University will send written notice of any dismissal and the reasons for dismissal simultaneously to all parties.
All investigations under this Policy shall be adequate, reliable, and impartial. The entire investigation process, not including appeals, should typically be completed within 60 days; however, this process may take longer if there is a parallel criminal investigation and/or if it transpires during school breaks.
The burden of proof and the burden of gathering evidence sufficient to reach a determination regarding responsibility rest on the University and not on the parties.
There is a presumption that a respondent is not responsible for the alleged conduct until a determination regarding responsibility is made at the conclusion of the grievance process.
The University will not access, consider, disclose, or otherwise use a party’s records that are made or maintained by a physician, psychiatrist, psychologist, or other recognized professional or paraprofessional acting in the professional’s or paraprofessional’s capacity, or assisting in that capacity, and which are made and maintained in connection with the provision of treatment to the party, unless the University obtains that party’s voluntary, written consent.
The University will provide an equal opportunity for the parties to present witnesses, including fact and expert witnesses, and other inculpatory and exculpatory evidence.
The University will not restrict the ability of either party to discuss the allegations under investigation or to gather and present relevant evidence. A party’s communication with a witness or potential witness is considered part of a party’s right to meaningfully participate in furthering the party’s interests in the case, and not an “interference” with the investigation. However, where a party’s conduct toward a witness might constitute “tampering” (for instance, by attempting to alter or prevent a witness’s testimony), such conduct is prohibited as retaliation.
The parties will have an equal opportunity to inspect and review any evidence obtained as part of the investigation that is directly related to the allegations raised in a formal complaint, including the evidence upon which the University does not intend to rely in reaching a determination regarding responsibility and inculpatory or exculpatory evidence whether obtained from a party or other source. The University will not consider or provide for inspection and review evidence which the University knows was illegally or unlawfully created or obtained. The University may impose on the parties and party advisor’s restrictions or require a non-disclosure agreement not to disseminate any of the evidence subject to inspection and review.
When the Investigator believes they are ready to prepare the investigation report, the Title IX Coordinator will send to each party and the party’s advisor, if any, the evidence subject to inspection and review in an electronic format or a hard copy, and the parties will have 10 calendar days to submit a written response.
The Investigator will review the parties’ written responses, conduct any follow-up investigation they deem appropriate, and prepare an investigative report that summarizes relevant evidence. The investigative report will not include a summary of evidence not considered to be relevant. If the complaint involves multiple complainants, multiple respondents, or both, the University may issue a single investigative report.
The investigative report will include an assessment as to whether the conduct, if proven, would constitute “Sexual Harassment – Title IX” as defined within this Policy. The Title IX Coordinator will review the assessment and shall notify the parties within two business days of receiving the investigative report whether the Title IX Coordinator concurs with the assessment of the Investigator. If the Title IX Coordinator determines that none of the conduct, if proven, would constitute “Sexual Harassment – Title IX,” the case shall proceed to an Investigative Resolution pursuant to Section VII. If the Title IX Coordinator determines that at least some of the conduct, if proven, would constitute “Sexual Harassment – Title IX,” the case shall proceed to a Hearing pursuant to Section VII. The Title IX Coordinator’s decision may be appealed to the Dean of Students within one business day of receipt of the decision. The Dean of Students’ decision is final.
Each party and their advisor shall receive a copy of the investigative report for their review and written response, at least 10 calendar days prior to a hearing or other time of determination regarding responsibility. If a party disagrees with the Investigator’s determination about relevance, the party may argue relevance in their written response.
The University does not require as a condition of enrollment or continuing enrollment, or employment or continuing employment, or enjoyment of any other right, the waiver of the right to an investigation and adjudication of formal complaints of Prohibited Conduct under this Policy. Similarly, the University will never require the parties to a formal complaint under this Policy to participate in an informal resolution process, as described below.
After the initiation of a formal complaint of Prohibited Conduct, if all parties voluntarily consent in writing, the University will assist the parties in an informal resolution process. An informal resolution process is available at any time prior to reaching a determination regarding responsibility, except that informal resolution may not be used in the cases of reports of “Sexual Harassment – Title IX” brought by a student against a University employee.
Before initiating an informal resolution process, the University will: (1) provide the parties a written notice that an informal resolution process is available to them; and (2) obtain the parties’ voluntary, written consent to the informal resolution process. The written notice to the parties will disclose the allegations, the requirements of the informal resolution process (described below), and any consequences resulting from participating in the informal resolution process, including the records that will be maintained or could be shared.
The University’s informal process provides any party, at any time prior to agreeing to a resolution, the right to withdraw from the informal resolution process and resume the formal resolution process with respect to the formal complaint.
When sexual harassment allegations can be resolved through informal resolution by mutual consent of the parties and on a basis that is acceptable to the Title IX Coordinator, the resolution process shall be considered finally decided and there will be no subsequent process or appeal.
The University will attempt to complete most formal resolutions within 45 days. This timeframe will begin upon filing of a formal complaint and will conclude upon the rendering of a decision by the Informal Resolution Facilitator. This timeline may be extended for good cause and with written notice provided by the Title IX Coordinator to all parties including the reason for the delay or extension. Good cause may include considerations such as the absence of a party, a party’s advisor, or a witness; concurrent law enforcement activity; or the need for language assistance or accommodation of disabilities.
The University will attempt to complete most formal resolutions within 60 days. This timeframe will begin upon filing of a formal complaint and will conclude upon the rendering of a decision by the Hearing Officer. This timeline may be extended for good cause and with written notice provided by the Title IX Coordinator to all parties including the reason for the delay or extension. Good cause may include considerations such as the absence of a party, a party’s advisor, or a witness; concurrent law enforcement activity; or the need for language assistance or accommodation of disabilities.
The University will attempt to accommodate the schedules of parties and witnesses, however, formal resolution must be completed in a reasonably prompt timeframe, and must proceed to conclusion even in the absence of a party or witness.
Upon conclusion of the investigation, where it is determined that there are allegations of “Sexual Misconduct – Title IX,” the University will conduct a live hearing.
The Title IX Coordinator will appoint a Decision-maker to serve as decision-maker during the hearing. The Decision-maker will not be the Title IX Coordinator, the investigators who investigated the allegations, or the informal resolution officer. The Decision-maker is under an obligation to objectively evaluate all relevant evidence both inculpatory and exculpatory. The Decision-maker has the right to ask questions and elicit information from parties and witnesses on the Decision-maker’s own initiative.
At least five business days prior to the hearing, a pre-hearing conference will be held with each party, the party’s advisor, the Title IX Coordinator, and the Decision-maker. At the pre-hearing conference, the party and advisor must disclose the witnesses that will be requested and the evidence that will be submitted for consideration. Evidence and witnesses may only be considered at hearing if they were submitted to the investigators, unless they were previously unknown or unavailable to the party during the investigation. The Decision-maker will address any requests for new evidence and new witnesses at the pre-hearing conference. The Decision-maker will also discuss guidelines for appropriate behavior and decorum during the hearing. The party and advisor are encouraged to ask questions.
Hearings will be conducted with all parties physically present in the same geographic location or, at the University’s discretion, or at the request of either party, the University will provide for the live hearing to occur with the parties located in separate rooms with technology enabling the decision-maker(s) and parties to simultaneously see and hear the party or the witness answering questions.
The University will create a recording, or transcript, of any live hearing and make it available to the parties for inspection and review.
At the live hearing, the Decision-maker will permit each party’s advisor to ask the other party and any witnesses all relevant questions and follow-up questions, including those challenging credibility. Before a complainant, respondent, or witness answers a cross-examination or other question, the decision-maker will first determine whether the question is relevant and explain any decision to exclude a question as not relevant.
The Decision-maker makes relevancy determinations. The Decision-maker is not required to give a lengthy or complicated explanation of a relevancy determination during the hearing, and may send to the parties after the hearing any revisions to the Decision-maker’s explanation that was provided during the hearing.
Cross-examination at the live hearing will be conducted directly, orally, and in real time by the party’s advisor of choice and never by a party personally. All questioning will be relevant, respectful, and non-abusive. No party will be “yelled” at or asked questions in an abusive or intimidating manner.
If a party or witness does not submit to cross-examination at the live hearing, the Decision-maker will not rely on any statement of that party or witness in reaching a determination regarding responsibility. However, a respondent’s alleged verbal conduct that itself constitutes the reported Prohibited Conduct at issue is not considered the respondent’s “statement” and therefore may be considered even if the respondent does not submit to cross-examination. Similarly, video evidence showing the conduct alleged within a complaint may be considered, even if the party does not submit to cross-examination. The Decision-maker will not draw an inference about the determination regarding responsibility based solely on a party’s or witness’s absence from the live hearing or refusal to answer cross-examination or other questions.
Parties will have equal opportunities to have others present during the hearing, including the opportunity to be accompanied by the advisor of their choice, who may be, but is not required to be, and attorney. The University will not limit the choice or presence of an advisor for complainant or respondent in any meeting or grievance proceeding. Advisors are required to abide by University restrictions regarding the extent to which they may participate in proceedings, and any restrictions will apply equally to both parties. If a party’s advisor refuses to comply with restrictions set by the University, the University may require the party to use a different advisor.
If a party does not have an advisor present at the live hearing, the University will provide without fee or charge to that party, an advisor of the University’s choice to conduct cross-examination on behalf of that party. That advisor may be, but is not required to be, an attorney.
Relevancy determinations will be made pursuant to Section VIII. Credibility will be considered pursuant to Section VIII. Decisions will be prepared pursuant to Section VIII. Sanctions, if any, will be determined pursuant to Section XI. Additional remedies, if any, will be determined pursuant to Section XI.
Relevant evidence is evidence that tends to make a fact that is important to the case either more probable or less probable. Relevant questions are those questions that are designed to elicit relevant evidence.
The following may be considered irrelevant:
- Repetitive or duplicative questions or evidence;
- Information that is protected by a legally recognized privilege, such as attorney-client privilege;
- Questions and evidence about the complainant’s sexual predisposition or prior sexual behavior, unless:
- Such questions and evidence about the complainant’s prior sexual behavior are offered to prove that someone other than the respondent committed the conduct alleged by the complainant; or
- The questions and evidence concern specific incidents of the complainant’s prior sexual behavior with respect to the respondent and are offered to prove consent;
- Any party’s medical, psychological, and similar records, unless the party has given voluntary, written consent for their use in the process.
The University will not exclude relevant evidence because such relevant evidence may be unduly prejudicial, concern prior bad acts (unless excluded above), or constitute character evidence. However, the decision-maker may objectively evaluate such evidence by analyzing whether that evidence warrants a high or low level of weight or credibility.
The decision-maker will evaluate all admissible, relevant evidence for weight or credibility. The degree to which any inaccuracy, inconsistency, or implausibility in a narrative provided by a party or witness should affect a determination regarding responsibility is a matter to be decided by the decision-maker, after having the opportunity to ask questions of parties and witnesses, and to observe how parties and witnesses answer the questions posed by the other party. Corroborating evidence is not required.
Credibility determinations are not based solely on observing demeanor, but also are based on other factors (e.g., specific details, inherent plausibility, internal consistency, corroborative evidence).
A party’s answers to questions can and should be evaluated by decision-maker in context, including taking into account that a party may experience stress while trying to answer questions. Parties will not be unfairly judged due to inability to recount each specific detail of an incident in sequence.
The decision-maker will issue a written determination of responsibility using a “preponderance of the evidence” standard. A preponderance of the evidence means that it is more likely true than not that a policy violation occurred. The determination of responsibility will include:
- Identification of the allegations potentially constituting sexual harassment;
- A description of the procedural steps taken from the receipt of the formal complaint through the determination, including any notifications to the parties, interviews with parties and witnesses, site visits, methods used to gather other evidence, and hearings held;
- Findings of fact supporting the determination;
- Conclusions regarding the application of the Policy to the facts;
- A statement of, and rationale for, the result as to each allegation, including a determination regarding responsibility, any disciplinary sanctions the University imposes on the respondent (seeSection IX), and whether remedies will be provided by the University to the complainant (see Section IX), and;
- The University’s procedures and permissible bases for the complainant and respondent to appeal (seeSection VIII).
The determination will lay out the evidentiary basis for conclusions reached in the case. The nature of remedies, if any, will not be included within the determination. The determination will be provided to the parties simultaneously. The determination becomes final only after the time period for appeal has expired or, if a party does file an appeal, after the appeal decision has been sent to the parties.
- Investigator Resolution
Upon conclusion of the investigation, where it is determined that there are no allegations of “Sexual Misconduct – Title IX,” the Investigator will review the responses to the investigative report and revise it as appropriate. The Investigator will then analyze the evidence, using the concepts of credibility and relevance as described above, and issue a written decision as to whether any policy violations have occurred by using a preponderance of the evidence standard.
Decisions will be prepared pursuant to Section VII. Sanctions, if any, will be determined pursuant to Section XI. Additional remedies, if any, will be determined pursuant to Section XI.
Any party may appeal the determination regarding responsibility, or the University’s dismissal of a formal complaint or any allegations therein. The appeal must be made in writing to the Dean of Students (or their designee) within five (5) business days of the written notice of the outcome. The University will notify the other party in writing when an appeal is filed and implement appeal procedures equally for both parties. Both parties will have a reasonable, equal opportunity to submit a written statement in support of, or challenging, the outcome. The decision-maker for the appeal will issue a written decision describing the result of the appeal and the rationale for the result and provide the written decision simultaneously to both parties within 10 business days of receiving the appeal.
Grounds for appeal include:
- Procedural irregularity that affected the outcome of the matter;
- New evidence that was not reasonably available at the time the determination regarding responsibility or dismissal was made, that could affect the outcome of the matter, and;
- The Title IX Coordinator, investigators, or Panel members had a conflict of interest or bias for or against complainants or respondents generally or the individual complainant or respondent that affected the outcome of the matter.
All grounds for appeal will be available to all parties.
The decision-maker for the appeal will not be a Panel member that reached a decision in the case, the Investigator for the case, or the Title IX Coordinator.
All forms of Prohibited Conduct are regarded as serious University offenses, and violations of this Policy will result in discipline, including the possibility of separation from the University. Once a final outcome has been reached regarding a case under this Policy, the Title IX Coordinator and the Dean of Students/designee(s), shall determine any relevant sanctions to be imposed on students, explained in the University’s Community Standards Code. Sanctions for violations of this Policy by students shall be determined by the Director of Community Standards and the Dean of Students.
The following sanctions may be imposed:
- Warning – A notice in writing to the student that the student is violating or has violated institutional regulations.
- Probation – A written reprimand for violation of specified regulations. Probation is for a designated period of time and includes the probability of more severe disciplinary sanctions if the student is found to violate any institutional regulation(s) during the probationary period.
- Loss of Privileges – Denial of specified privileges for a designated period of time.
- Fines – Monetary fines may be imposed at the discretion of the DCS.
- Restitution – Compensation for loss, damage, or injury. This may take the form of appropriate service and/or monetary or material replacement.
- Discretionary Sanctions – Work assignments, essays, service to the University, or other related discretionary assignments.
- Residence Hall Suspension – Separation of the student from the residence halls for a defined period of time, after which the student is eligible to return. Conditions for readmission may be specified.
- Residence Hall Expulsion – Permanent separation of the student from the residence halls.
- University Suspension – Separation of the student from the University for a definite period of time, after which the student is eligible to return. Conditions for readmission may be specified.
- University Expulsion – Permanent separation of the student from the University.
- Revocation of Admission and/or Degree – Admission to the University may be revoked for violation of University policy, or a degree awarded from the University may be revoked for fraud, misrepresentation, or other violation of University standards in obtaining the degree, or for other serious violations committed by a student prior to graduation.
- Withholding Degree – The University may withhold awarding a degree otherwise earned until the completion of the process set forth in this Student Conduct Code, including the completion of all sanctions imposed, if any.
- Removal from university athletic and leadership position. This may also include any aid/ scholarship provided by the university.
More than one of the sanctions listed above may be imposed for any single violation.
Sanctions for violations of this Policy by University employees shall be determined by the Title IX Coordinator, the Director of Human Resources and the appropriate University official and/or supervisor.
Where a determination of responsibility for Prohibited Conduct is made, the University will provide remedies to a complainant designed to restore or preserve equal access to the University’s education program or activity. Such remedies may include the same individualized services provided as supportive measures as well as educational programming, changes to policies and procedures, counseling, and opportunities to change educational, work, or living situations. However, remedies need not be non-disciplinary or non-punitive and need not avoid burdening the respondent. The Title IX Coordinator is responsible for effective implementation of remedies.
Where the final determination has indicated that remedies will be provided, the complainant can then communicate separately with the Title IX Coordinator or their designee to discuss what remedies are appropriately designed to preserve or restore the complainant’s equal access to education. Remedies for a complainant which do not affect the respondent must not be disclosed to the respondent.
If a complainant requests that their name not be revealed to the respondent or asks that the University not investigate or not seek action against the respondent, they will be advised that honoring such a request may limit the University’s ability to respond fully to the incident, including pursuing disciplinary action against the respondent. The complainant will also be informed that the Title IX Coordinator will make every effort to respect their request and will evaluate it in the context of the University’s responsibility to provide a safe and nondiscriminatory environment.
Student education records are protected in compliance with the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA). Medical records are protected by similar state and federal laws. Access to employee personnel records is restricted in accordance with University policies and federal and state law.
A complainant of Prohibited Conduct has the right to file a criminal complaint with law enforcement officials simultaneously with reporting the misconduct to the University. Though the complaints will be pursued separately, the University will cooperate and assist the complainant in notifying the proper law enforcement agency if the complainant so chooses. Filing an SMIR does not require an individual to file a complaint with any other authority. To contact Public Safety from an on-campus phone, dial 411; other phones: 419-574-3861. To contact the Sylvania Police, dial 419-885-8902.
Individuals with complaints under and/or regarding this Policy also have the right to file a formal complaint under Title IX with the United States Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights, Cleveland Office, 1350 Euclid Avenue, Suite 325, Cleveland, OH 44115-1812; Telephone: 216-522-4970; FAX: 216-522-2573; TDD: 800-877-8339; Email: OCR.Cleveland@ed.gov.
The University will not tolerate intentional false reporting of incidents. It is a violation of University policy to make an intentionally false report of any policy violation, and it may also violate state criminal statutes and civil defamation laws.
The University will retain all records of each investigation instituted under this policy for seven (7) years. Records will include all documents, recordings, or transcripts from investigations, hearings, appeals, and informal resolutions. The first date of the first record created by the University will begin the seven-year retention period. Records will be maintained for all investigations including investigations that have been dismissed, completed, or otherwise resolved.
The University will also maintain and publish on its website training materials of employees who serve as Title IX Coordinators, investigators, decision-makers, and persons who facilitate information resolutions.
The University conducts annual Title IX trainings on sexual harassment, sexual misconduct, dating violence, domestic violence, and stalking for all faculty, staff, and Board of Trustee members. Students are provided with various training opportunities, and all student athletes receive Title IX training.
The Title IX Coordinator, investigators, decision-makers, and any person who facilitates an informal resolution process, will receive training on the definition of sexual harassment, the scope of the University’s education program or activity, how to conduct an investigation and grievance process including hearings, appeals, and informal resolution processes, and how to serve impartially, including by avoiding prejudgment of the facts at issue, conflicts of interest, and bias. This includes how to apply the definitions with respect to consent (or the absence or negation of consent) consistently, impartially, and in accordance with this policy.
Investigators will receive training on issues of relevance to create an investigative report that fairly summarizes relevant evidence.
Decision-makers will receive training on any technology to be used at a live hearing and on issues of relevance of questions and evidence, including when questions and evidence about the complainant’s sexual predisposition or prior sexual behavior are not relevant.
Any materials used to train Title IX Coordinators, investigators, decision-makers, and any person who facilitates an informal resolution process, must not rely on sex stereotypes and must promote impartial investigations and adjudications of formal complaints of sexual harassment.
Training materials for training under this section will be made publicly available through the University’s website. Published training materials will be up-to-date and reflect the latest training provided.
The Title IX Coordinator, investigators, decision-makers, and any person who facilitates an informal resolution process, will receive annual training on issues related to dating violence, domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking and on how to conduct an investigation and hearing process that protects the safety of victims and promotes accountability.
In compliance with the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Crime Statistics Act of 1998, the University must issue timely warnings to community members when there exists a serious and continuing threat to their health or safety. Whether or not an individual instance of a potential sex offense triggers a timely warning is determined on a case-by-case basis, depending on the facts and information known by University officials. Those who report incidents of misconduct under this Policy should be aware that this may be necessary, although identifying information regarding the complainant will not be disclosed as long as the University may provide sufficient detail for community members to make safety decisions in light of the danger.
Lourdes University does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, disability, age, or any other legally protected category in its programs and activities. Lourdes University’s policies against discrimination, harassment, Prohibited Conduct, and retaliation are consistent with Titles VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, 34 CFR Part 106, the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and 34 CFR 104.7, the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, and the Genetic Information Non-Discrimination Act of 2008.